What happens after you die? People frequently conflate the belief in the resurrection of the dead with the notion of the immortality of the soul. They are in fact two different but related views. Rabbi Tovia Singer explains that while Judaism and Christianity both affirm what is commonly called eternal life, there are important differences between them. With regard to the resurrection in particular, there is a distinctively different understanding of the human person, the nature of death, and the importance of a body.